Buy Bath Salts Online
The most commonly reported ingredient is methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), although other stimulants may be present, such as mephedrone and pyrovalerone.1 MDPV is of the phenethylamine class and is structurally similar to cathinone, an alkaloid similar in structure and effects to amphetamine and found in the khat plant. Khat is a shrub found in East Africa and southern Arabia. Mephedrone has been reported to have a high potential for overdose.2
MDVP is structurally related to methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and cathinone derivatives. MDMA is a Schedule I hallucinogenic substance and cathinone derivatives (cathinone, methcathinone) are listed as a schedule I stimulants. Animals studies have demonstrated elevated levels of extracellular dopamine 60 minutes after administration of MDVP.
What are the effects of bath salts?
Bath salts are noted for producing a “high” similar to methamphetamine: the sought after effects may include:
increased wakefulness, concentration
elevated sex drive
Acute side effects may include:
rapid heart rate
high blood pressure
hyperthermia (elevated body temperature)
excess sweating (diaphoresis)
pupil dilation (mydriasis)
muscle spasm or tremor
Higher doses can lead to serious behavioral and psychiatric effects such as:
severe panic attacks
psychosis (hallucinations, delusions)
paranoia (extreme distrust)
insomnia (inability to sleep)
In one series of cases, the most common signs and symptoms of toxicity were agitation (66%), tachycardia (63%), and delusions or hallucinations (40%). Sympathomimetic effects are similar to those caused by methamphetamine, ecstasy, and cocaine. Breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue (rhabdomyolysis) may occur, leading to kidney failure. Accidental deaths due to overdose and bath salt-related suicides have been reported.
Are bath salts addictive?
Bath salts have been reported to have a powerful addictive potential, as well as the ability to induce tolerance (more of the drug is required overtime to get an equivalent “high”). Reports note intense cravings similar to what methamphetamine users experience.
Withdrawal symptoms can include:
As these agents bought on the street or online may be cut with other unknown and potentially addictive substances, the true magnitude of toxicity and addiction may be even higher. Routine urine and blood drug screens do not usually test for bath salt psychoactive ingredients; however, tests are available to screen for synthetic cathinone.