Oxycodone is a pain reliever, a strong opioid painkiller meant primarily for the relief of moderate and severe pain. It is usually prescribed as the pain reliever of choice after surgery. It is also prescribed as a painkiller for cancer patients. This drug is marketed under various trade names which include Lynlor, OxyNorm, Candox, Carexil, Dolocodon, Longtec, Oxylan, OxyContin, and Targinact.
Oxycodone is marketed in several forms which include capsules, injections, modified-release tablets, as well as oral liquid medicine. Recommended dosage differs depending on the form ingested and the severity of pain. For 5-15mg capsules, the recommended dosage would be in gaps of 4-6 hours. For controlled-release tablets, a 12-hour gap is advisable. The recommended dosage for cancer patients varies as per the physician’s prescription.
This drug is not recommended for patients suffering from epilepsy, prostate problems, as well as those with a history of drug or alcohol dependence. Some studies have revealed how Oxycodone could lead to abuse, which has prompted some manufacturers to modify its content. For pregnant women and individuals with liver or kidney problems, it would be best to consult your physician first.
Short-Term Side Effects
Common side effects that are said to have affected individuals taking Oxycodone include constipation, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, chills, shortness of breath, and fatigue. These common side effects usually disappear after the body has fully adjusted to the medication.
Long-Term Side Effects
There have been studies showing withdrawal symptoms which could lead to addiction for patients who have abruptly discontinued their Oxycodone intake. If the patient has been ingesting the drug for a long period of time, gradual withdrawal is recommended so as to avoid dependence on the drug. The unnecessary high dosage used for recreational purposes could lead to death.
How It Works
Oxycodone is a narcotic analgesic, which targets a specific group of pain receptors different from that which morphine usually affects. Once it enters the bloodstream, this drug is then dispersed to various parts of the body which include liver, intestinal tract, spleen, lungs, and the brain. The drug is eliminated by excretion through sweat and urine, which might cause a problem for individuals with kidney issues.
Oxycodone has 22 known major drug interactions which include Lovenox, Ambien, Lipitor, Xanax, Nexium, and Tylenol. Consult your doctor if you are taking any of these.