Tramadol 100mg is similar to opioid (narcotic) analgesics. It works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.
Tramadol 50mg is used to manage moderate to moderately severe pain in adults. It decreases pain by working on the central nervous system.
How to use
The recommended dose of tramadol is 50-100 mg (immediate-release tablets) every 4-6 hours as needed for pain.
The maximum dose is 400 mg/day.
To improve tolerance patients should be started at 25 mg/day, and doses may be increased by 25-50 mg every 3 days to reach 50-100 mg/day every 4 to 6 hours.
The recommended dose for extended-release tablets is 100 mg daily, which may be increased by 100 mg every 5 days, but not to exceed 300 mg /day. To convert from immediate release to extended release, the total daily dose should be rounded down to the nearest 100 mg. Extended-release tablets should be swallowed whole and not crushed or chewed.
Tramadol may be taken with or without food.
Tramadol should not be used to treat pain in children younger than 12 years of age, and it should not be used to treat pain after surgery to remove the tonsils and/or adenoids in children younger than 18 years of age. Children between 12 and 18 years of age who are overweight or have breathing problems such as obstructive sleep apnea or severe lung disease should not receive tramadol.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. The tablets can be taken with or without food.
Tramadol is generally well tolerated, and side effects are usually temporary.
Commonly reported side effects to include
Do not drink alcohol. Dangerous side effects or death could occur. Avoid driving or operating machinery until you know how this medicine will affect you. Dizziness or severe drowsiness can cause falls or other accidents.
Carbamazepine (Tegretol, Tegretol XR, Equetro, Carbatrol) reduces the effect of tramadol by increasing its inactivation in the body.
Quinidine (Quinaglute, Quinidex) reduces the inactivation of tramadol, thereby increasing the concentration of tramadol by 50% to 60%.
Combining tramadol with monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs (for example, tranylcypromine [Parnate]) or selective serotonin inhibitors (SSRIs), for example, fluoxetine (Prozac), may result in severe side effects such as seizures or a condition called serotonin syndrome.
Tramadol may increase the central nervous system and respiratory depression when combined with alcohol, anesthetics, narcotics, tranquilizers, or sedative hypnotics. This can reduce the level of consciousness or lead to respiratory insufficiency.